Marijuana Drug Rehab

Marijuana Drug Rehab in Texas

Marijuana is a green or gray mixture of dried, shredded flowers and leaves of the hemp plant Cannabis sativa. There are over 200 slang terms for marijuana including "pot," "herb," "weed," "boom," "Mary Jane," "gangster," and "chronic." It is usually smoked as a cigarette (called a joint or a nail) or in a pipe or bong. Recently, marijuana has appeared in blunts, which are cigars that have been emptied of tobacco and refilled with marijuana, often in combination with another drug, such as crack. Some users also mix marijuana into foods or use it to brew tea. Everyone has heard of using marijuana in brownies, but it can be cooked with any baked goods and since it is water soluble, it can be extracted as a tea and combined with any foods.

The main active chemical in marijuana is THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol). In 1988, it was discovered that the membranes of certain nerve cells contain protein receptors that bind THC. After it is bound to a receptor, THC starts a series of cellular reactions that ultimately lead to the high feeling that users experience when they smoke marijuana. The short term effects of marijuana use include problems with memory and learning; distorted perception; difficulty in thinking and problem-solving; loss of balance and coordination; and increased heart rate, anxiety, and panic attacks, which sometimes can lead to psychotic episodes. The THC in Texas marijuana is less than than most marijuana found in less arid climates, but THC levels have been incrasing yearly with the demand for stronger pot.

Research has found that whether an individual has positive or negative sensations after smoking marijuana can be influenced by heredity. A recent study demonstrated that "identical male twins were more likely than non-identical male twins to report similar responses to marijuana use" This may indicate a genetic basis for their sensations, but you must be cautious in relaying any information about a genetic predisposition to a drug or a reaction of a drug since it tends to make marijuana addicts believe that there isn't any hope for them to change, which is absolutely NOT TRUE.

Environmental factors such as the availability of marijuana, expectations about how the drug would affect them, the influence of friends and social contacts, and other factors that differentiate identical twins' experiences also were found to have an important effect;in fact, like all drugs, the state of mind of the user has more to do with the effects than any chemical response or genetic predisposition.

Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug. According to the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), an estimated 102 million Americans aged 12 or older have tried marijuana at least once in their lifetimes, representing 41% of the U.S. population in that age group. The number of past year marijuana users in 2008 was approximately 25.8 million (10.3% of the population aged 12 or older) and the number of past month marijuana users was 15.2 million (6.1%).2

Among 12-17 year olds surveyed as part of the 2008 NSDUH, 6.7% reported past month marijuana use. Additional NSDUH results indicate that 16.5% of 18-25 year olds and 4.2% of those aged 26 or older reported past month use of marijuana.3

In 2008, there were 2.2 million persons aged 12 or older who had used marijuana for the first time within the past 12 months; this averages to about 6,000 initiates per day. This estimate was about the same as the estimate in 2007 (2.1 million) and 2002 (2.2 million).4

A 2002 SAMHSA report, Initiation of Marijuana Use: Trends, Patterns and Implications, concludes that the younger children are when they first use marijuana, the more likely they are to use cocaine and heroin and become dependent on drugs as adults. The report found that 62% of adults age 26 or older who initiated marijuana before they were 15 years old reported that they had used cocaine in their lifetime. More than 9% reported they had used heroin and 53.9% reported non-medical use of psychotherapeutics. This compares to a 0.6% rate of lifetime use of cocaine, a 0.1% rate of lifetime use of heroin and a 5.1% rate of lifetime non-medical use of psychotherapeutics for those who never used marijuana. Increases in the likelihood of cocaine and heroin use and drug dependence are also apparent for those who initiate use of marijuana at any later age.5

Results of the 2008 Monitoring the Future survey indicate that 14.6% of eighth graders, 29.9% of tenth graders, and 42.6% of twelfth graders reported lifetime use of marijuana. In 2007, these percentages were 14.2%, 31.0%, and 41.8%, respectively. 6

Marijuana is a significant drug threat to Texas. Marijuana produced in Mexico is the predominant type available throughout the state. Locally produced marijuana is also available, although to a lesser extent. Cannabis cultivation occurs within the state, primarily in the eastern and northern regions and generally is controlled by Caucasian criminal groups and independent dealers. (NDIC)

There are many criteria that go into whether a drug is considered addicting or not. One of these measures is whether there are withdrawal symptoms when a person stops using cannabis or marijuana. Certainly the withdrawal symptoms are not like those of heroin or other opiates, but there are definite physical and mental withdrawals that one experiences when marijunana has been used for an extended period and on a regular basis.

Regular and repeated use of marijuana causes withdrawal symptoms are severe enough to precipatate relapse and it is universally accepted and documented that marijuana is addictive psychologically and emotionaly. Scientific studies show that of tobacco addiction, which is well documented as being a severe and chronic addictionis very similar to marijuana addiction. Many long-term marijuana users attest that long and protracted withdrawals are demoralizing and give the user justifications for his continual use due to his apathy from multiple abstinence failures and relapses.

Insomnia, irritability, decreased appetite, anxiety, and depression are the general withdrawal symptoms. These are typical withdrawal symptoms from many different types of drugs and depending on the person and the drug, they will be expressed at different levels of disconfort. Anger and depression may or may not be present, but all of these negative emotional changes are connected to cravings for cannabis, with the user knowing that if he has his "drug of choice" he will no longer have these uncomfortable feelings, hense, he relapses.

Health Hazards..Do You Ever Question Why "Man" Feels Entitled to Get Substances, Like THC, into His Blood Stream...Shouldn't this be considered strange and not acceptable at the level of becoming legal?

Marijuana abuse is associated with many detrimental health effects. These effects can include respiratory illnesses, problems with learning and memory, increased heart rate, and impaired coordination. A number of studies have also shown an association between chronic marijuana use and increased rates of anxiety, depression, suicidal ideation, and schizophrenia. Long-term marijuana abuse can lead to addiction. Studies conducted on both people and animals suggest marijuana abuse can cause physical dependence. Withdrawal symptoms may include irritability, sleeplessness, decreased appetite, anxiety, and drug craving. 7

Someone who smokes marijuana regularly may have many of the same respiratory problems that tobacco smokers do, such as daily cough and phlegm production, more frequent acute chest illnesses, a heightened risk of lung infections, and a greater tendency toward obstructed airways. Cancer of the respiratory tract and lungs may also be promoted by marijuana smoke. Marijuana has the potential to promote cancer of the lungs and other parts of the respiratory tract because marijuana smoke contains 50 percent to 70 percent more carcinogenic hydrocarbons than does tobacco smoke.8

Marijuana's damage to short-term memory seems to occur because THC alters the way in which information is processed by the hippocampus, a brain area responsible for memory formation. In one study, researchers compared marijuana smoking and nonsmoking 12th-graders' scores on standardized tests of verbal and mathematical skills. Although all of the students had scored equally well in 4th grade, those who were heavy marijuana smokers, i.e., those who used marijuana seven or more times per week, scored significantly lower in 12th grade than nonsmokers. Another study of 129 college students found that among heavy users of marijuana critical skills related to attention, memory, and learning were significantly impaired, even after they had not used the drug for at least 24 hours.9

Of an estimated 113 million emergency department (ED) visits in the U.S. during 2006, the Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) estimates that 1,742,887 were drug-related. DAWN data indicate that marijuana was involved in 290,563 ED visits.10 If yo need a marijuana rehab in Texas, call our counselors and we will help you locate the most effective marijuana treatment in Texas.

Texas Group Wants to Legalize Marijuana as Medicine..an article about medical marijuana in Texas can be found at this link.

A study of college students has shown that critical skills related to attention, memory, and learning are impaired among people who use marijuana heavily, even after discontinuing its use for at least 24 hours. Researchers compared 65 "heavy users," who had smoked marijuana a median of 29 of the past 30 days, and 64 "light users," who had smoked a median of 1 of the past 30 days. After a closely monitored 19- to 24-hour period of abstinence from marijuana and other illicit drugs and alcohol, the undergraduates were given several standard tests measuring aspects of attention, memory, and learning. Compared to the light users, heavy marijuana users made more errors and had more difficulty sustaining attention, shifting attention to meet the demands of changes in the environment, and in registering, processing, and using information. These findings suggest that the greater impairment among heavy users is likely due to an alteration of brain activity produced by marijuana.

Longitudinal research on marijuana use among young people below college age indicates those who used marijuana have lower achievement than the non-users, more acceptance of deviant behavior, more delinquent behavior and aggression, greater rebelliousness, poorer relationships with parents, and more associations with delinquent and drug-using friends.

Research also shows more anger and more regressive behavior (thumb sucking, temper tantrums) in toddlers whose parents use marijuana than among the toddlers of non-using parents.

Any drug of abuse can affect a mother's health during pregnancy, making it a time when expectant mothers should take special care of themselves. Drugs of abuse may interfere with proper nutrition and rest, which can affect good functioning of the immune system. Some studies have found that babies born to mothers who used marijuana during pregnancy were smaller than those born to mothers who did not use the drug. In general, smaller babies are more likely to develop health problems

A nursing mother who uses marijuana passes some of the THC to the baby in her breast milk. Research indicates that the use of marijuana by a mother during the first month of breast-feeding can impair the infant's motor development (control of muscle movement).

Addictive Potential

A drug is addicting if it causes compulsive, often uncontrollable drug craving, seeking, and use, even in the face of negative health and social consequences. Marijuana meets this criterion. More than 120,000 people enter treatment per year for their primary marijuana addiction. In addition, animal studies suggest marijuana causes physical dependence, and some people report withdrawal symptoms.

Monitoring the Future Study (MTF)6

The NIDA-funded MTF provides an annual assessment of drug use among 12th, 10th, and 8th grade students and young adults nationwide. After decreasing for over a decade, marijuana use among students began to increase in the early 1990s. From 1998 to 1999, use of marijuana at least once (lifetime use) increased among 12th- and 10th-graders, continuing the trend seen in recent years. The seniors' rate of lifetime marijuana use is higher than any year since 1987, but all rates remain well below those seen in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Past year and past month marijuana use did not change significantly from 1998 to 1999 in any of the three grades, suggesting the sharp increases of recent years may be slowing. Daily marijuana use in the past month increased slightly among all three grades as well.

remains the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States. There were an estimated 2.1 million people who started using marijuana in 1998. According to data from the 1998 NHSDA, more than 72.0 million Americans (33 percent) 12 years of age and older have tried marijuana at least once in their lifetimes, and almost 18.7 million (8.6 percent) had used marijuana in the past year. In 1985, 56.5 million Americans (29.4 percent) had tried marijuana at least once in their lifetimes, and 26.1 million (13.6 percent) had used marijuana within the past year.

is quickly becoming the front for legalizing marijuana and giving it a legitimate place in our culture. Colorado and California are both having to re-evaluate their marijuana laws since there are now more medicinal marijuana parlors in Los Angeles County than there are coffee shops.

Commercial-grade marijuana prices have remained relatively stable during the past decade, ranging from $400 to $1,000 per pound in Southwest border areas and $700 to $2,000 per pound in the Midwest and Northeast. The national price range for sinsemilla, a higher quality of marijuana, is $900 to $6,000 per pound. BC Bud, a type of marijuana produced in Canada, sells for $5,000 to $8,000 per pound in most major U.S. metropolitan areas. Variables such as buyer/seller relationships, quantities purchased, fre- quencies of purchase, and purity affect drug prices.

According to the Marijuana Potency Monitoring Project, the average potency of samples of all cannabis types increased from 3% in 1991 to 5.2% in 2001. The poten- cy of commercial-grade marijuana increased from 3.1% to 5% during the same period. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, commercial-grade marijuana purity levels were less than 2%. The potency of sinsemilla was approximately 6% in the late 1970s and early 1980s, 10.5% in 1991, 5.8% in 1993, 13.4% in 1999, and 9.1% in 2001.

SOURCES

  1. National Institute on Drug Abuse, Marijuana Facts Parents Need to Know, September 2004, What is Marijuana, How is Marijuana Used?
  2. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings, September 2009
  3. Ibid.
  4. Ibid.
  5. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration, Initiation of Marijuana Use: Trends, Patterns and Implications, July 2002.
  6. National Institute on Drug Abuse and University of Michigan, 2008 Monitoring the Future Study Drug Data Tables, December 2008
  7. National Institute on Drug Abuse, InfoFacts: Marijuana, June 2008
  8. National Institute on Drug Abuse, Research Report Series—Marijuana Abuse, October 2005.
  9. Ibid.
  10. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network, 2006: National Estimates of Drug-Related Emergency Department Visits (PDF), August 2008